1 Corinthians 1-2

After a brief salutation and expression of gratitude, Paul gets down to business. He had received a report from a family in Corinth about the existence of contentious divisions in the church. In the first two chapters the apostle not only addresses the sinfulness of their factions, he also addresses an underlying cause, namely, a misplaced elevation of human wisdom.

I. Chapter 1

A. Salutation (1:1-3)

B. Gratitude (1:4-9)

1. As is typically the case, Paul expresses gratitude for the recipients of his letter while offering insight into the contents of his prayers for them.

2. He is grateful for their reception of God’s grace, that they have been enriched in Christ, and that they lack no spiritual gift.

C. Division over preachers (1:10-17)

1. Here Paul begins addressing their problems, the first of which is division. Having heard from Chloe’s family of their divisions, Paul appeals to them to be united (10-11).

2. Though they were dividing based on personal loyalties to preachers involved in their conversions, Paul takes their focus to Christ, the gospel, and the cross (12-17).

D. God’s wisdom in Christ (1:18-25)

1. The cross is foolish to those who don’t understand it. But for those who do, it is God’s power to save (18).

2. God’s plan for the redemption of man – a plan with the cross at its center – may seem foolish to some, but it is actually the embodiment of God’s power and wisdom (19-25).

E. Jesus is the only ground for boasting (1:26-31)

1. Paul reminds them that they were not among the wise, powerful, or upper classes. Yet God called them in the body of Christ (26-28).

2. There is nothing in the gospel message, properly understood, that would lead one to boast in himself. Our only basis for boasting is in what Jesus has done for us (29-31).

II. Chapter 2

A. The pre-eminence of Christ in Paul’s preaching (2:1-5)

1. Paul didn’t utilize lofty speech or human wisdom when he preached to them. He just preached Christ crucified. Truth be told, he was actually scared to death (1-3).

2. But he preached “in demonstration of the Spirit and power,” so that they would not elevate him (Paul), but magnify God (4-5).

B. The wisdom of God revealed (2:6-16)

1. The message of Paul’s preaching was the revelation of the “mystery,” that is, God’s eternal purpose for the redemption of man. This message was revealed to Paul and the other apostles by the Holy Spirit (6-13).

2. The person who is governed solely by worldly standards will not accept the spiritual nature of the gospel message (14-16).

III. Application Lessons

A. God’s grace is amazing (1:4-5). We should be grateful for it (4). It is God’s gift (4). It is in Christ (4). It makes us rich (5). It is responsible for what we accomplish in the kingdom (5).

B. We should have confidence in each other (1:8-9). Though they had many problems, Paul was confident that they would fix them and not forfeit their eternal salvation.

C. Unity in Christ is possible (1:10), but only if everyone is willing to agree to follow the standard of God’s word.

D. We don’t often think like God does (1:26-28; 1 Samuel 16:7; Luke 16:15; Psalm 50:21).

E. Be careful whom you glorify (1:29-31). No human being, especially preachers, should be given credit for what God is responsible for.

F. The message is more important and powerful than the messenger (2:1-4). God used a weak, frightened man to reach the Corinthians. The power was in the message.

G. The word of God is verbally inspired (2:9-13). The words that inspired men spoke were words that came from the Holy Spirit who revealed the mind of God.

Eddie Parrish

Jesus and Genesis

Skeptics have targeted the book of Genesis for a very long time, especially the first eleven chapters. That is no surprise since the straightforward affirmations of the creation of the world, the first human couple, and the flood cannot be harmonized with the evolutionary dogma that permeates popular science. What is surprising is the growing number of religious people in general, and members of churches of Christ in particular, who have compromised the Genesis account of origins in favor of unproven evolutionary principles that originated, not from sound Biblical exegesis, but from atheism. For professed believers in the inspiration of scripture, who should know better, to distort the Bible in their attempts to harmonize it with evolution is shameful. What many of these compromisers have failed to accept is this: to deny the historical accuracy of the early chapters of Genesis forces you to deny the truthfulness of Jesus.

Jesus affirmed in John 8:44 that the devil exists, that he is a liar and murderer, and that he has been since “the beginning.” There is no doubt that Jesus is calling the attention of his listeners to the Genesis account of the entrance of sin into the world (Gen. 3:1-6). In answering a question about divorce, Jesus spoke of the creation of Adam and Eve, the formation of that first home, and declared that those historical events stood as authoritative precedents for the governance of modern homes and marriages (Matt. 19:3-6). In Matthew 24:37-39, Jesus affirmed his belief that Noah existed and that the Genesis account of the flood actually happened.

If the early chapters of Genesis do not report real, actual historical events, then Jesus was wrong, whether honestly mistaken or purposely dishonest. But if Jesus was wrong about the historical accuracy of Genesis, what else might he have been wrong about? If he cannot be trusted in his statements regarding the early chapters of Genesis, upon what basis should we trust anything else he said? One cannot consistently reject the historical accuracy of Genesis and at the same time accept the historical accuracy of Jesus.