Hebrews 10 Study Sheet

The following is a simple study sheet that contains a brief outline of the chapter and a few questions that focus on the text. One of the first and most important parts of good Bible study is observation. What does the text say? Until we know what the text says, it is fruitless to try to discover what it means and how it applies. Most of the questions are designed to do little more than help the reader observe the text. There may be an occasional question that asks for deeper meaning or application.

OUTLINE

I. Two Sacrifices Contrasted (10:1-10)

A. The sacrifice of animals (1-4).

B. The sacrifice of Jesus (5-10).

II. Two Priesthoods Contrasted (10:11-18)

A. Levitical priests (11)

B. Jesus (12-18)

III. So What? (10:19-25)

A. Let us draw near (22)

B. Let us hold fast (23)

C. Let us consider each other (24-25)

IV. The Danger of Apostasy (10:26-31)

A. Expectation of judgment (26-27, 30-31)

B. Better covenant, more severe punishment (28-29)

V. Encouragement to be Faithful (10:32-39)

A. Remember prior faithfulness (32-34)

B. Hang in there (35-39)

QUESTIONS

  1. Could animal sacrifices on their own ever take away sin (10:1-4, 11)?
  2. The quotation of 10:5-7 is taken from what Old Testament text?
  3. According to 10:9, what did Jesus come to earth to do?
  4. By which covenant are we sanctified (10:10)?
  5. For how long is Jesus’ “one time” offering effective (10:14)?
  6. What gives us confidence to approach God (10:19)?
  7. How should we draw near to God (10:22)?
  8. How are we to stimulate each other to love and good works (10:24-25)?
  9. What does the continual willful sinner have to look forward to (10:26-27)?
  10. How did the writer describe “the former days” of the recipients (10:32-34)?
  11. What did the recipients need (10:36)?
  12. What does genuine faith result in (10:39)?

APPLICATION

A major transition takes place in 10:19 from the doctrinal section to the practical section of the book. The major focus from that point forward will be on how the superiority of Jesus and the New Testament should affect the way a Christian lives. This is a vital part of the book, the “so what” section. The recipients of this letter were stumbling under the weight of trials. This section will bring the message home and encourage them to hang on tightly to Jesus, for if they let go of him, there is nothing else to grasp.

Hebrews 9 Study Sheet

The following is a simple study sheet that contains a brief outline of the chapter and a few questions that focus on the text. One of the first and most important parts of good Bible study is observation. What does the text say? Until we know what the text says, it is fruitless to try to discover what it means and how it applies. Most of the questions are designed to do little more than help the reader observe the text. There may be an occasional question that asks for deeper meaning or application.

OUTLINE

I. The Tabernacle (9:1-5)

A. The holy place described (1-2)

B. The holy of holies described (3-5)

II. The Priestly Work (9:6-10)

A. Priests were regularly in the holy place (6)

B. Only the High Priest would enter the holy of holies (7)

C. The tabernacle is a symbol for the present (8-10)

III. The Superiority of Jesus (9:11-28)

A. A better tabernacle (11)

B. A better sacrifice (12-14, 23-28)

C. A better covenant (15-22)

QUESTIONS

1. What objects were kept in the holy place of the tabernacle (9:2)?

2. What objects were kept in the holy of holies (9:3-5)?

3. What did the High Priest do once a year (9:7)?

4. What could the sacrifices under the old covenant not do (9:9)?

5. Jesus is said to have entered what (9:11)?

6. How many times did Jesus enter the holy place with his own blood (9:12)?

7. What is able to cleanse our consciences from dead works (9:14)?

8. What must happen for a covenant to be valid (9:16)?

9. What kind of blood was used to sanctify the people, the law, and the tabernacle (9:19)?

10. It was necessary that “the heavenly things” be cleansed with what (9:23)?

11. Where has Christ entered (9:24)?

12. How often must Christ be offered to atone for sins (9:26-28)?

SUMMARY

Neil Lightfoot (Jesus Christ Today, p. 169) points out that within all of the details that the writer lays out in this chapter, there are four major facts emphasized with reference to the superiority of Christ’s sacrifice: (1) It has been offered in a greater and more perfect sanctuary (heaven). (2) It was a sacrifice of Christ’s own blood, not the blood of animals. (3) His sacrifice has made possible eternal redemption, not merely an annual reminder of sin. (4) It is, therefore, an offering that only needed to be made one time.

Hebrews 8 Study Sheet

The following is a simple study sheet that contains a brief outline of the chapter and a few questions that focus on the text. One of the first and most important parts of good Bible study is observation. What does the text say? Until we know what the text says, it is fruitless to try to discover what it means and how it applies. Most of the questions are designed to do little more than help the reader observe the text. There may be an occasional question that asks for deeper meaning or application.

OUTLINE

I. New Priest, New Law (8:1-7)

A. The new priest (1-3).

B. The new law (4-7).

II. Prophecy Fulfilled (8:8-13)

A. Jeremiah predicted the coming of the new covenant (8-12).

B. When the prophecy was made, the Mosaic covenant became “old” (13)

QUESTIONS

  1. What is the main point that the writer had been emphasizing (8:1)?
  2. Where is our High Priest (8:1)?
  3. What is the primary responsibility of a High Priest (8:3)?
  4. Could Jesus have been a priest on earth under the Levitical system (8:4; 7:14)?
  5. How does Christ’s ministry to compare to that of the Levitical priests (8:6)?
  6. How does the new covenant compare to the old (8:6)?
  7. Why was the new covenant given (8:7)?
  8. Hebrews 8:8-12 is a quotation of what Old Testament passage?
  9. What did the announcement of a coming “new” covenant make the Law of Moses (8:13)?
  10. What are “old” things destined to do (8:13)?

APPLICATION

It is not often that a writer of one of the New Testament documents identifies his main point for you. The Hebrews writer does that for us in 8:1. His main point is to emphasize that we Christians are not without representation before God. We have a High Priest and he is seated at the right hand of God in heaven. He offered himself as our sacrifice, serves in a better ministry than the Levitical priests, and has mediated a better covenant based on better promises (8:6-7). And all of that is in harmony with what God had said since the days of Jeremiah (8:8-12). We are blessed indeed to have God’s own Son as our representative in heaven!

Hebrews 7 Study Sheet

The following is a simple study sheet that contains a brief outline of the chapter and a few questions that focus on the text. One of the first and most important parts of good Bible study is observation. What does the text say? Until we know what the text says, it is fruitless to try to discover what it means and how it applies. Most of the questions are designed to do little more than help the reader observe the text. There may be an occasional question that asks for deeper meaning or application.

OUTLINE

I. The Superiority of Melchizadek (7:1-10)

A. He has a “perpetual” priesthood (1-3).

B. He has an impeccable character (4-10).

II. The Change in the Priesthood (7:11-22)

A. To change the priesthood is to change the law (11-14).

B. With the change in priesthood there comes a better hope (15-22).

III. The Improvement of the Priesthood (7:23-28)

A. The permanence of Christ’s priesthood (23-24)

B. The permanence of Christ’s sacrifice (25-28)

 QUESTIONS

  1. What two offices did Melchizadek hold (7:1)?
  2. What did Melchizadek’s name and offices mean (7:2)?
  3. When Melchizadek and Abraham met, what two things happened indicating that Melchizadek was superior to Abraham (7:4-7, note esp. verse 6)?
  4. What did the appointment of Jesus as High Priest imply about the Levitical priesthood (7:11)?
  5. The change in priesthood necessitated in change in what else (7:12)?
  6. From what Jewish tribe did Jesus come (7:13-14)?
  7. The priesthood of Jesus is based on the power of what (7:16)?
  8. What terms does the writer use to describe the Law of Moses in 7:18?
  9. With the bringing in of a better priesthood and better law came a better what (7:19)?
  10. Jesus is the personal guarantee of a better what (7:22)?
  11. What does Jesus live to do (7:25)?
  12. How is Jesus described in 7:26?
  13. How does the sacrifice of Jesus differ from those offered by the Levitical priests (7:27)?
  14. What is the difference between the Levitical priests and Jesus, according to 7:28?

APPLICATION

Just a casual reading of Hebrews 7 confirms what the writer said in 5:11 – there are things about Melchizadek that are hard to understand. While we may not be able to reach firm conclusions on every question that we may have about this ancient personality, the study itself is fascinating. It should compel us to “Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth” (2 Tim. 2:15). It’s a study that ought to lead us to examine the scriptures daily (Acts 17:11).

Hebrews 5 Study Sheet

The following is a simple study sheet that contains a brief outline of the chapter and a few questions that focus on the text. One of the first and most important parts of good Bible study is observation. What does the text say? Until we know what the text says, it is fruitless to try to discover what it means and how it applies. Most of the questions are designed to do little more than help the reader observe the text. There may be an occasional question that asks for deeper meaning or application.

OUTLINE

I. The Qualifications of a High Priest (5:1-4)

A. He offers sacrifices to God on behalf of men (1).

B. He is to deal gently with those he represents (2).

C. He offers sacrifices for himself, too (3).

D. He does not take the honor of service on himself; God appoints him (4).

II. Jesus is Qualified to Be High Priest (5:5-10)

A. God appointed him to this role (5-6).

B. He learned obedience through suffering (7-8).

C. This qualifies him to represent us as a High Priest like Melchizadek (9-10).

III. A Rebuke (5:11-14)

A. More could be said about Melchizadek, but the readers could not understand it (11).

B. Though they should be mature enough by now, they had not mastered the elementary principles of Christianity (12-14).

QUESTIONS

1. From where is a High Priest to be chosen (5:1)?

2. What is the primary duty of a High Priest (5:1)?

3. How is a High Priest to deal with those he represents (5:2)?

4. How does a man get to be a High Priest (5:4)?

5. The one who said to Jesus, “You are a priest” is the same one who said to him, “You are my Son” (5:5). Who is that?

6. The priesthood of Jesus is not after the order of Aaron, but whom (5:6)?

7. Through what experiences did Jesus learn obedience (5:8)?

8. For what group of people is Jesus the source, or author, of eternal salvation (5:9)?

9. Why was the information about Melchizadek hard for the readers to understand (5:11)?

10.What analogy does the writer use to illustrate the spiritual ignorance of the readers (5:12-14)?

APPLICATION

It is in this chapter that the writer begins in earnest to talk about what Jesus is doing for Christians in the present. One of the comforting realities to come out of this chapter is the ability of Jesus to understand us on a deep and personal level. Do you suffer? So did he. Is it sometimes hard to obey God? It was for him, too. Have your trials ever knocked you to your knees and caused you to cry out to God for help? Him, too. The original readers of this letter had a greater High Priest in Jesus than they would ever be able to find in the Levitical system. There is no religion or philosophy that offers mankind what Christianity offers – the Son of God as a compassionate, merciful, and understanding representative before God himself.

Spend some time meditating on that wonderful reality, then thank him for being there for you.