The following is a simple study sheet that contains a brief outline of the chapter and a few questions that focus on the text. One of the first and most important parts of good Bible study is observation. What does the text say? Until we know what the text says, it is fruitless to try to discover what it means and how it applies. Most of the questions are designed to do little more than help the reader observe the text. There may be an occasional question that asks for deeper meaning or application.
I. The Tabernacle (9:1-5)
A. The holy place described (1-2)
B. The holy of holies described (3-5)
II. The Priestly Work (9:6-10)
A. Priests were regularly in the holy place (6)
B. Only the High Priest would enter the holy of holies (7)
C. The tabernacle is a symbol for the present (8-10)
III. The Superiority of Jesus (9:11-28)
A. A better tabernacle (11)
B. A better sacrifice (12-14, 23-28)
C. A better covenant (15-22)
1. What objects were kept in the holy place of the tabernacle (9:2)?
2. What objects were kept in the holy of holies (9:3-5)?
3. What did the High Priest do once a year (9:7)?
4. What could the sacrifices under the old covenant not do (9:9)?
5. Jesus is said to have entered what (9:11)?
6. How many times did Jesus enter the holy place with his own blood (9:12)?
7. What is able to cleanse our consciences from dead works (9:14)?
8. What must happen for a covenant to be valid (9:16)?
9. What kind of blood was used to sanctify the people, the law, and the tabernacle (9:19)?
10. It was necessary that “the heavenly things” be cleansed with what (9:23)?
11. Where has Christ entered (9:24)?
12. How often must Christ be offered to atone for sins (9:26-28)?
Neil Lightfoot (Jesus Christ Today, p. 169) points out that within all of the details that the writer lays out in this chapter, there are four major facts emphasized with reference to the superiority of Christ’s sacrifice: (1) It has been offered in a greater and more perfect sanctuary (heaven). (2) It was a sacrifice of Christ’s own blood, not the blood of animals. (3) His sacrifice has made possible eternal redemption, not merely an annual reminder of sin. (4) It is, therefore, an offering that only needed to be made one time.