The Abiding Consequences of Sin

There are at least two results of sinful choices: guilt and consequences. By guilt, I mean that which God places onto your spiritual account and for which the impenitent will be eternally lost. By consequences, I refer to the negative circumstances of life that are brought about by the sin. Let us consider these two components.


When a man commits sin, he transgresses God’s law (1 John 3:4) and incurs a debt to God that he is incapable of repaying (Matt. 18:21-35). But because Jesus poured out his lifeblood in suffering the penalty for sin (Heb. 2:9; Matt. 26:28), God can remove that debt (Rom. 3:24; 5:9). It matters not what the sin is; God is “faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness” (1 John 1:9).

Saul of Tarsus is an excellent example of this. Regarding his pre-Christian life he wrote, “I used to persecute the church of God beyond measure and tried to destroy it” (Gal. 1:13). He was “a blasphemer and a persecutor and a violent aggressor” (1 Tim. 1:13). Still, he was “shown mercy” and overflowing grace (v. 13-14).

Praise God for the salvation that is in Christ!


While submitting to the will of God can forever remove the guilt of sin, the temporal consequences may remain long after God has forgiven. Consider the bittersweet case of Moses. While leading God’s people through the Sinai wilderness in search of water, God instructed Moses to speak to a particular rock and water would miraculously come from it (Num. 20:8). In a moment of anger, Moses dishonored God in the presence of the people by striking the rock instead of speaking to it (v. 10-11). As a consequence of his sin, God barred him from entering the Promised Land (v. 12; Deut. 34:1-6).

We know that Moses had the guilt of that sin removed, for centuries later he appeared in his glorified state with Jesus and Elijah on the Mount of Transfiguration (Matt. 17:1-3). Notice, however, that even though God removed the guilt of his sin, he did not remove the temporal consequences. Moses died forgiven, but outside of Canaan.

One may commit a crime against society, subsequently seek and obtain God’s forgiveness, but still face a lifetime of consequences. The penitent and forgiven drug abuser of the past may still endure health and family problems the rest of his life. Divorcing one’s mate for a reason other than fornication can be forgiven, but a subsequent remarriage is still forbidden (Matt. 19:3-9).

The Wisdom of Forethought

Wisdom demands that we look before we leap. We should consider the consequences of our actions before we follow through with them, because when we choose an action we choose the consequences of that action. Scripture puts it this way: “Watch the path of your feet” (Prov. 4:26). “The prudent sees the evil and hides himself, but the naïve go on, and are punished for it” (Prov. 22:3).

It is a beautiful thing to have the promise of God’s grace to remove the guilt of our sins and set us on the road to eternal glory (Titus 2:11). But God has never promised to remove the temporal consequences of those sins.