The following is a simple study sheet that contains a brief outline of the chapter and a few questions that focus on the text. One of the first and most important parts of good Bible study is observation. What does the text say? Until we know what the text says, it is fruitless to try to discover what it means and how it applies. Most of the questions are designed to do little more than help the reader observe the text. There may be an occasional question that asks for deeper meaning or application.
I. The Qualifications of a High Priest (5:1-4)
A. He offers sacrifices to God on behalf of men (1).
B. He is to deal gently with those he represents (2).
C. He offers sacrifices for himself, too (3).
D. He does not take the honor of service on himself; God appoints him (4).
II. Jesus is Qualified to Be High Priest (5:5-10)
A. God appointed him to this role (5-6).
B. He learned obedience through suffering (7-8).
C. This qualifies him to represent us as a High Priest like Melchizadek (9-10).
III. A Rebuke (5:11-14)
A. More could be said about Melchizadek, but the readers could not understand it (11).
B. Though they should be mature enough by now, they had not mastered the elementary principles of Christianity (12-14).
1. From where is a High Priest to be chosen (5:1)?
2. What is the primary duty of a High Priest (5:1)?
3. How is a High Priest to deal with those he represents (5:2)?
4. How does a man get to be a High Priest (5:4)?
5. The one who said to Jesus, “You are a priest” is the same one who said to him, “You are my Son” (5:5). Who is that?
6. The priesthood of Jesus is not after the order of Aaron, but whom (5:6)?
7. Through what experiences did Jesus learn obedience (5:8)?
8. For what group of people is Jesus the source, or author, of eternal salvation (5:9)?
9. Why was the information about Melchizadek hard for the readers to understand (5:11)?
10.What analogy does the writer use to illustrate the spiritual ignorance of the readers (5:12-14)?
It is in this chapter that the writer begins in earnest to talk about what Jesus is doing for Christians in the present. One of the comforting realities to come out of this chapter is the ability of Jesus to understand us on a deep and personal level. Do you suffer? So did he. Is it sometimes hard to obey God? It was for him, too. Have your trials ever knocked you to your knees and caused you to cry out to God for help? Him, too. The original readers of this letter had a greater High Priest in Jesus than they would ever be able to find in the Levitical system. There is no religion or philosophy that offers mankind what Christianity offers – the Son of God as a compassionate, merciful, and understanding representative before God himself.
Spend some time meditating on that wonderful reality, then thank him for being there for you.