The following is a simple study sheet that contains a brief outline of the chapter and a few questions that focus on the text. One of the first and most important parts of good Bible study is observation. What does the text say? Until we know what the text says, it is fruitless to try to discover what it means and how it applies. Most of the questions are designed to do little more than help the reader observe the text. There may be an occasional question that asks for deeper meaning or application.
I. God Has Spoken Through His Son (1:1-3)
A. In the past, God spoke through the prophets (1)
B. In these last days, God has spoken through his Son (2-3)
C. The Son of God possesses all of the characteristics of his father.
D. The Son now sits at the right hand of the Father in heaven.
II. The Son of God is Superior to Angels (1:4-14)
A. No individual angel was ever singled out as “son” like Jesus was (4-5).
B. Angels worship the Son (6).
C. Angels are servants (7, 14); the Son rules an eternal kingdom (8-9, 13).
D. The Son created the earth and will one day destroy it (10-12).
- How does the writer describe the ways that God previously spoke through the prophets (1:1)?
- To what does the phrase “these last days” refer?
- There are seven characteristics of Jesus listed in 1:2-3. What are they?
- What does it mean to say that Jesus “upholds all things by the word of His power” (1:3)?
- What is the significance of being “at the right hand” of God (1:3)?
- In what way does the writer say that Jesus is better than the angels (1:4)?
- Why might it have been necessary for the writer to show that Jesus was superior to angels?
- There are seven different Old Testament quotations in 1:5-13. What are they?
- When God said to the Son, “This day have I begotten You,” to what day does He refer (1:5)?
- What is the significance of the term “firstborn” in 1:6?
- When the writer says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever” (1:8), of whom is he speaking?
- What do angels do (1:14)?
Because Jesus: (1) is the one through whom God has spoken in these last days, (2) is the heir of God, (3) is the creator of the world, (4) is the radiance of God’s glory, (5) is the exact representation of God’s nature, (6) is the one who cleansed our sins, (7) is seated at God’s right hand, (8) is superior to angels, (9) is God’s Son, (10) is worshiped even by angels, (11) righteously rules an eternal kingdom, (12) will outlast the universe, (13) and sends out angels to do his bidding as they serve on behalf of Christians, then there is NO ONE who deserves our allegiance more than He.
If we were to turn away from Jesus, to whom better could we go? Peter was exactly right when he responded to Jesus’ question, “You do not want to go away also, do you?” by saying, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have words of eternal life” (John 6:67-68).