The following is a simple study sheet that contains a brief outline of the chapter and a few questions that focus on the text. One of the first and most important parts of good Bible study is observation. What does the text say? Until we know what the text says, it is fruitless to try to discover what it means and how it applies. Most of the questions are designed to do little more than help the reader observe the text. There may be an occasional question that asks for deeper meaning or application.
I. The Superiority of Melchizadek (7:1-10)
A. He has a “perpetual” priesthood (1-3).
B. He has an impeccable character (4-10).
II. The Change in the Priesthood (7:11-22)
A. To change the priesthood is to change the law (11-14).
B. With the change in priesthood there comes a better hope (15-22).
III. The Improvement of the Priesthood (7:23-28)
A. The permanence of Christ’s priesthood (23-24)
B. The permanence of Christ’s sacrifice (25-28)
- What two offices did Melchizadek hold (7:1)?
- What did Melchizadek’s name and offices mean (7:2)?
- When Melchizadek and Abraham met, what two things happened indicating that Melchizadek was superior to Abraham (7:4-7, note esp. verse 6)?
- What did the appointment of Jesus as High Priest imply about the Levitical priesthood (7:11)?
- The change in priesthood necessitated in change in what else (7:12)?
- From what Jewish tribe did Jesus come (7:13-14)?
- The priesthood of Jesus is based on the power of what (7:16)?
- What terms does the writer use to describe the Law of Moses in 7:18?
- With the bringing in of a better priesthood and better law came a better what (7:19)?
- Jesus is the personal guarantee of a better what (7:22)?
- What does Jesus live to do (7:25)?
- How is Jesus described in 7:26?
- How does the sacrifice of Jesus differ from those offered by the Levitical priests (7:27)?
- What is the difference between the Levitical priests and Jesus, according to 7:28?
Just a casual reading of Hebrews 7 confirms what the writer said in 5:11 – there are things about Melchizadek that are hard to understand. While we may not be able to reach firm conclusions on every question that we may have about this ancient personality, the study itself is fascinating. It should compel us to “Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth” (2 Tim. 2:15). It’s a study that ought to lead us to examine the scriptures daily (Acts 17:11).